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CHAPTER SIX, PART ONE
Exercise A, p. 214
Exercise B, p. 214
5. Where they went was what the sheriff wanted to know.
6. All of the animals excepting man know that the principal business of life is to enjoy it.
7. Parents who stay up all night with sick children know the meaning of the word commitment.
8. He that wrestles with us strengthens our nerves and sharpens our skill.
Exercise C, p. 215
5. The past would be startled if it could see itself on the pages of the historian. (clause, modifies would
6. The president’s train will stop in many small towns because he wants to reach as many people as
possible during this campaign. (phrase, modifies stop; clause; modifies stop; phrase, modifies reach)
7. One must be poor to know the luxury of giving. (phrase, modifies be)
8. Put the box of books there and the box of dishes in the kitchen. (single-word, modifies put; phrase,
Exercise D, p. 215
5. Any man who is any good is different from anybody else. (clause, modifies man)
6. We could hear the beautiful, clear sound of the musician’s piano all the way out on the street,
beyond the walls of the concert hall. (single-word, modifies sound; single-word, modifies sound;
phrase, modifies sound; phrase, modifies walls)
7. Believe those who are seeking the truth; doubt those who find it. (two clauses, each modifies those)
8. The dog in the next room caught our attention by barking. (phrase, modifies dog)
Exercise E, p. 216
5. Van Gogh just wanted to be understood. (Infinitive phrase functioning as direct object.)
6. Do not seek to follow in the footsteps of the men of old; seek what they sought. (Infinitive phrase
functioning as direct object; nominal clause functioning as direct object)
7. According to the legend, Daniel Boone always knew where he was going and what he wanted to find
after he got there. (Two nominal clauses functioning as a compound direct object)
8. Many people like communicating over the Internet. (Gerund phrase functioning as direct object)
CHAPTER SIX, PART TWO
Exercise A, p. 223
5. The new executive committee revised all of the procedural rules. And passed several new
regulations as well. [And passed several new regulations as well is a fragment; it is part of the
predicate (the second half of a compound verb).]
6. Securing her body carefully with strong, flexible rope. The rock climber scaled the almost vertical
face of mountain. [Securing her body carefully with strong, flexible rope is a fragment; it is a
participial phrase that modifies climber
7. My husband has several hobbies to keep him occupied once he’s retired. For example attending Tai
Chi classes, taking guitar lessons, and studying photography. [For example attending Tai Chi
classes, taking guitar lessons, and studying photography is a fragment in that items in a series should
be connected to the sentence]
8. All of us decided that a special affair was in order. A banquet with gourmet food and live
entertainment. [A banquet with gourmet food and live entertainment is a fragment; it is an appositive
that renames affair.]
Exercise B, p. 224
5. Examining the data from the investigation, many irregularities were found. [Dangling modifier.
Examining the data from the investigation has nothing to modify. Who was examining the data from
6. Bounding exuberantly, Woody leaped into the strawberry patch and began rolling on his back.
[Sentence is correct as is; Bounding exuberantly correctly modifies Woody.]
7. Clutching his A exam, excited shouts of glee could be heard all over the house. [Dangling modifier.
Clutching his A exam has no subject to modify. Who was shouting?]
8. The Department Chair greeted the new faculty member extending her hand. [Misplaced modifier.
Extending her hand modifies department chair and not new faculty member.]
9. Tinkling peacefully, the desk fountain soothed Susan’s jangled nerves. [Sentence is correct as is;
Tinkling peacefully correctly modifies desk fountain.]
10. Considering every alternative, a selection was finally made. [Dangling modifier; who is Considering
Exercise C, p. 224
6. We did talk about the joke later at dinner, though, and Evey seemed to think it was amusing,
therefore I assumed that she wasn’t annoyed with me. [Comma splice. We did talk about the joke
later at dinner, though, and Evey seemed to think it was amusing; therefore, I assumed that she
wasn’t annoyed with me. A semicolon is required to connect the sentence before therefore, with a
comma required after therefore]
7. I don’t know why people assume that working for an insurance company isn’t exciting probably it’s
just ignorance. [Fused sentence. I don’t know why people assume that working for an insurance
company isn’t exciting. Probably it’s just ignorance. Probably needs begin a second sentence.]
8. My other sister is a securities analyst, she works for a large, international Investment company.
[Comma splice. My other sister is a securities analyst; she works for a large, international
Investment company. A number of options are possible here, including a semicolon before she.]
9. Laura spends a good deal of her time flying all over the world, especially to Europe. [Sentence is
correct as is.]
10. Sometimes I’m jealous of the exotic places she visits regularly, I always realize, however, how very
tiring business travel is. [Comma splice. Sometimes I’m jealous of the exotic places she visits
regularly. I always realize, however, how very tiring business travel is. Several options are
available, including creating a second sentence.
Exercise D, p. 225
There will be a variety of responses to this exercise.
Exercise E, p. 225
There will be a variety of responses to this exercise.